Amur (Siberian) Tiger
(click above to see Bear Creek's Tigers)
Panthera Tigris Altaica
There are less than 350 left in the wild, in the Amur - Ussuri
region of Siberia; also in northern China and Korea
Life span is up to 25 years in captivity
The Siberian tiger is the largest cat in the world. They are capable of dragging prey that would take more than a dozen men to move. They have excellent binocular
vision, and their night vision is more than 5 times better than a human's. Tigers can eat up to 77 pounds of meat in one feeding - the equivalent of 300 hamburgers. Large tigers need to eat
an average of 50 pounds of meat a day. While tigers are capable of preying on animals as large as buffalo, they generally prey on deer, wild pigs, and wild cattle.
The heaviest tiger on record in the Guinness Book of World Records is a 1,025 pound male Siberian tiger. Most male Siberians weigh over 700 pounds, while a male
Sumatran tiger weighs only about 250 pounds. Five of eight tiger species survive, the Siberian (or Amur) tiger, the South China tiger, the Indochinese tiger, the Sumatran tiger and the Bengal
tiger. All of the tigers at Bear Creek Sanctuary are Siberian tigers. Housecats are known for their dislike of water, but tigers love to cool off in rivers, lakes and streams. They can become accomplished
swimmers but have to be tought how by their moms.
Because the Siberian tiger has to withstand temperatures of -50 degrees fahrenheit, the Siberian tiger grows a longer coat than other tigers do. It also develops
a layer of fat on it's flanks and belly that help to insulate it.