Red Fox and Arctic Fox
(click above to meet Bear Creek's foxes)
Vulpes Vulpes and Alopez Lagopus
The red fox resembles a small, slender dog, it is a shy, nervous animal and for the most part, it tries to remain hidden from view. Unlike the dog, it is equipped
with furred foot pads. Foxes dig their three to nine metre long dens in sandy or gravely soil with two or three entrances. They are conscientious parents and remain together as family units
until autumn when the pups disperse. Fox are primarily preyed on by coyote and bobcats.
Red fox can come in many colours; red (obviously), white, white with black or black and bown spots (known as marbles), sapphire, champagne, and silver gray (black) to name a few. They are still all the same species, vulpes vuloes, or red fox.
The Arctic fox or white fox, as it is often called, is a member of the canid family and is related to other foxes, wolves and dogs. It lives in all the lands of
the circumpolar Arctic. In Canada, this small mammal is found from the northern tip of Ellesmere Island to the southern tip of James Bay. The wide distribution of this fox in the severe arctic
environment is due to its excellent adaptation to cold and to a wide variety of foods. Compared with other canids, the male fox is probably one of the most attentive and best providers during
the denning period. Just before the birth of the whelps and while the female is spending her time nursing and caring for the litter, the male hunts for food for her. After 5 to 6 weeks, when
the whelps are weaned, the female begins to share the hunting duties with him. She gradually provides well over half of the food to the growing litter. Although the amount of food provided by
the male gradually decreases, he continues to bring food to the den site until the whelps begin to leave the den, about 14 to 15 weeks after birth.